El PAÍS – Verne

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INTERNACIONAL

MARÍA SÁNCHEZ DÍEZ 11/12/2014

#BlackLivesMatter: nueve nombres y tres vídeos virales para entender por qué EEUU está tan enfadado

Las protestas por la impunidad policial en los homicidios de Michael Brown y Eric Garner continúan en Estados Unidos al grito de “No puedo respirar” y #BlackLivesMatter (las vidas de los negros importan). Nueva York se prepara para acoger este sábado la Millions March NYC, una manifestación que exigirá al Departamento de Justicia que presente cargos federales contra los agentes involucrados en las muertes de estos y otros hombres negros.

En Estados Unidos es 21 veces más probable que un joven negro sea víctima de un disparo mortal de la policía que un blanco, según un estudio de la web de investigación periodística ProPublica. Brown y Garner son sólo dos nombres en una larga lista que engrosa esta estadística. ¿Qué ha pasado en América para que la gente diga “basta” y salga a la calle?

Para Jeffrey Butts, director del Centro de Investigación del John Jay College de Justicia Criminal, la respuesta ciudadana tiene que ver la viralidad con que se han propagado en internet los testimonios gráficos de estas muertes.

“Antes pasaban años entre uno de estos casos emblemáticos y otro; ahora nos enteramos de cada uno de ellos”, explica a Verne Butts. “Esta narrativa personal mueve a las personas más que estadísticas llenas de datos”, añade. De hecho, los disturbios de Ferguson (Misuri), donde murió Brown, figuran entre los temas más comentados del año en Facebook y en Twitter.

Cuando habla de “narrativa personal”, Butts se refiere a vídeos como el de la muerte de Garner, en la que se veía al agente Daniel Pantaleo reduciendo hasta estrangular a Garner por vender cigarrillos sueltos mientras éste repetía “No puedo respirar”.

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Violent Crime Rates in U.S. Cities Over 500,000 Total Population

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Data Source: Crimes reported to the Uniform Crime Reports program, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of Justice, as prepared by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data and disseminated by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Washington, DC (www.ucrdatatool.gov).
Note: Data presented for all large cities (over 500,000) that reported data nearly consistently to the FBI from 1985 through 2013. Cities omitted due to inconsistent reporting include Chicago, Charlotte-Mecklenburg (NC), Detroit, Tucson, Fresno, Las Vegas, and Louisville.

Homicide Trends in U.S. Cities Over 500,000 Total Population

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Data Source: Crimes reported to the Uniform Crime Reports program, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of Justice, as prepared by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data and disseminated by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Washington, DC (www.ucrdatatool.gov).
Note: Data presented for all large cities (over 500,000) that reported data nearly consistently to the FBI from 1985 through 2013. Cities omitted due to inconsistent reporting include Charlotte-Mecklenburg (NC), Columbus (OH), Tucson, Fresno, Las Vegas, and Louisville.

Criminal history studies by the “Evidence Generation” initiative

logo_dcjsIn collaboration with the Research & Evaluation Center’s Evidence Generation initiative, the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) developed a protocol for conducting follow-up studies of client recidivism for agencies affiliated with Evidence Generation. Each study adheres to the data security safeguards required by DCJS. The resulting reports provide de-identified recidivism data that affiliated agencies may use to assess their effectiveness. Each report documents the proportion of former clients that had new justice contacts (i.e. arrests and convictions) after leaving an agency’s program(s), but the reports do not reveal the identity of individual clients. We do not publish full reports, but brief examples are available here: Read More

The Research & Evaluation Center plans to grow the scope and diversity of its DCJS criminal history projects. We invite other New York City justice agencies to contact us to discuss the feasibility of having our team conduct new criminal history analyses to support your agency operations and assess the outcomes of your services.

All You Need to Know About Crime Trends, in 60 Seconds

Every year, when the FBI releases the new crime data from the Uniform Crime Reports, we see media stories and policymakers commenting on the meaning of small, year-to-year changes. They should heed this video from Norway, which was designed to explain trends in climate change. It is just as relevant for understanding crime trends.

Stop Watching the Dog

Video credit: Animated short from the Norwegian program, “Siffer.” Animation by Ole Christoffer Haga.

Map of All New York City Violence Reduction Programs

logo_nyccureIn 2012, the Research & Evaluation Center received the first of three grants from the New York City Council to assess the implementation of gun violence reduction initiatives in New York City neighborhoods. The project began tracking the formation and deployment of gun violence reduction strategies in five areas: South Bronx, Harlem, Jamaica (Queens), North Shore of Staten Island, and East New York.

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The small highlighted areas in the map (when enlarged) provide the names and funding sponsors of violence reduction programs throughout New York City.

In 2014, the City announced the expansion of violence reduction programs in other areas of the five boroughs. The accompanying map provides the locations of all of the programs, including the Cure Violence affiliates funded by the City Council and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, as well as several comparison areas that are being studied by the Research & Evaluation Center. John Jay researchers (operating under the street brand “NYC Cure”) are conducting surveys of young men (ages 18-30) in many of the communities operating Cure Violence programs and several of the comparison areas.

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More Information

NYCCure is the Research & Evaluation Center’s program of studies on gun violence prevention in New York City. Read our original evaluation plan.