Comparing Two Prominent Violence Reduction Strategies

What’s the difference between Boston Ceasefire and Chicago-CeaseFire, or focused deterrence and the public health approach? The Research & Evaluation Center at John Jay College is evaluating the Cure Violence model of violence reduction, which is based in Chicago and was formerly known as Chicago-CeaseFire.

Just down the hall from the Research & Evaluation Center, John Jay’s Center for Crime Prevention and Control hosts the National Network for Safe Communities, which promotes the use of focused deterrence models, including the Group Violence Intervention strategy. The focused deterrence strategy began in Boston as operation Ceasefire and is now being implemented by the New York City police department under the name Ceasefire.

These evolving and competing brand names can lead to considerable confusion among practitioners and policymakers. To assist those seeking clarification about the varying violence reduction strategies, the Research & Evaluation Center described them in our 2014 monograph, Denormalizing Violence.

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For readers who do not have time to peruse a 25-page report, we also offer this simple one-page summary of both models.

El PAÍS – Verne

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INTERNACIONAL

MARÍA SÁNCHEZ DÍEZ 11/12/2014

#BlackLivesMatter: nueve nombres y tres vídeos virales para entender por qué EEUU está tan enfadado

Las protestas por la impunidad policial en los homicidios de Michael Brown y Eric Garner continúan en Estados Unidos al grito de “No puedo respirar” y #BlackLivesMatter (las vidas de los negros importan). Nueva York se prepara para acoger este sábado la Millions March NYC, una manifestación que exigirá al Departamento de Justicia que presente cargos federales contra los agentes involucrados en las muertes de estos y otros hombres negros.

En Estados Unidos es 21 veces más probable que un joven negro sea víctima de un disparo mortal de la policía que un blanco, según un estudio de la web de investigación periodística ProPublica. Brown y Garner son sólo dos nombres en una larga lista que engrosa esta estadística. ¿Qué ha pasado en América para que la gente diga “basta” y salga a la calle?

Para Jeffrey Butts, director del Centro de Investigación del John Jay College de Justicia Criminal, la respuesta ciudadana tiene que ver la viralidad con que se han propagado en internet los testimonios gráficos de estas muertes.

“Antes pasaban años entre uno de estos casos emblemáticos y otro; ahora nos enteramos de cada uno de ellos”, explica a Verne Butts. “Esta narrativa personal mueve a las personas más que estadísticas llenas de datos”, añade. De hecho, los disturbios de Ferguson (Misuri), donde murió Brown, figuran entre los temas más comentados del año en Facebook y en Twitter.

Cuando habla de “narrativa personal”, Butts se refiere a vídeos como el de la muerte de Garner, en la que se veía al agente Daniel Pantaleo reduciendo hasta estrangular a Garner por vender cigarrillos sueltos mientras éste repetía “No puedo respirar”.

[ read article ]

Violent Crime Rates in U.S. Cities Over 500,000 Total Population

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Data Source: Crimes reported to the Uniform Crime Reports program, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of Justice, as prepared by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data and disseminated by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Washington, DC (www.ucrdatatool.gov).
Note: Data presented for all large cities (over 500,000) that reported data nearly consistently to the FBI from 1985 through 2013. Cities omitted due to inconsistent reporting include Chicago, Charlotte-Mecklenburg (NC), Detroit, Tucson, Fresno, Las Vegas, and Louisville.

Homicide Trends in U.S. Cities Over 500,000 Total Population

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Data Source: Crimes reported to the Uniform Crime Reports program, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of Justice, as prepared by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data and disseminated by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Washington, DC (www.ucrdatatool.gov).
Note: Data presented for all large cities (over 500,000) that reported data nearly consistently to the FBI from 1985 through 2013. Cities omitted due to inconsistent reporting include Charlotte-Mecklenburg (NC), Columbus (OH), Tucson, Fresno, Las Vegas, and Louisville.

Criminal history studies by the “Evidence Generation” initiative

logo_dcjsIn collaboration with the Research & Evaluation Center’s Evidence Generation initiative, the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) developed a protocol for conducting follow-up studies of client recidivism for agencies affiliated with Evidence Generation. Each study adheres to the data security safeguards required by DCJS. The resulting reports provide de-identified recidivism data that affiliated agencies may use to assess their effectiveness. Each report documents the proportion of former clients that had new justice contacts (i.e. arrests and convictions) after leaving an agency’s program(s), but the reports do not reveal the identity of individual clients. We do not publish full reports, but brief examples are available here: Read More

The Research & Evaluation Center plans to grow the scope and diversity of its DCJS criminal history projects. We invite other New York City justice agencies to contact us to discuss the feasibility of having our team conduct new criminal history analyses to support your agency operations and assess the outcomes of your services.

All You Need to Know About Crime Trends, in 60 Seconds

Every year, when the FBI releases the new crime data from the Uniform Crime Reports, we see media stories and policymakers commenting on the meaning of small, year-to-year changes. They should heed this video from Norway, which was designed to explain trends in climate change. It is just as relevant for understanding crime trends.

Stop Watching the Dog

Video credit: Animated short from the Norwegian program, “Siffer.” Animation by Ole Christoffer Haga.