NYCCure Project

The NYC Cure initiative at John Jay College focuses on efforts in New York City to implement innovative strategies that prevent violence, especially those strategies inspired by public health concepts and approaches such as the Cure Violence model.

Read a one-page description of the initiative.

Currently, the initiative is conducting two studies:

(1) An implementation assessment of gun violence reduction programs supported by the New York City Council (see the project’s first year assessment report).

(2) An evaluation of the Cure Violence model in New York City (see the project’s evaluation framework report).

Despite 20 years of declining crime in the United States, the toll of serious violence — especially gun violence — continues to harm communities and destroy lives. Public officials and community leaders struggle to identify effective responses.

2012. The effects of focused deterrence strategies on crime: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the empirical evidence.

As with many crime problems, the most popular solutions do not always lead to effective and sustainable policies. The most popular approaches for preventing violence rely on deterrence and suppression.

When implemented correctly, intensive enforcement efforts can be very effective — at least in the short run. The strategy known as focused deterrence, for example, has been shown to generate immediate improvements in public safety. Such strategies, however, are not sustainable in the long run unless they are followed by deeper, social change.

Real and lasting progress in the fight against violence may require changing the social norms and attitudes that perpetuate violence. In addition, communities need support to develop the preventive resources that are required to stop young people from being drawn into the culture of violence. This is often referred to as the public health approach.

Research shows that an effective public health approach to preventing violence could be a valuable complement to law enforcement strategies. It can be difficult, however, to describe exactly what a public health approach is and what it is not.

2013. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Priorities for a Public Health Research Agenda to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-Related Violence.

Public health approaches to violence prevention must be designed intentionally and monitored carefully or they may become indistinguishable from a social services system.

The NYC Cure initiative at John Jay College works with organizations and communities in pursuit of effective violence prevention and reduction strategies by documenting intervention models, designing and implementing data collection methods, and conducting evaluations.

Researchers are collaborating on projects with several funding partners, including the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the New York City Council.