This study uses the audit method to examine the effects of race, gender, and criminal history on housing outcomes. Testers, exhibiting characteristics suggestive of race and gender and disclosing one of three offenses, placed phone calls to rental property owners across the Midwest to inquire about renting a property. We found powerful negative effects for those with a criminal record seeking apartments, regardless of whether the offense was sexual or drug-related.
Legitimacy plays an important role in building trust in government, and legitimacy and trust have been shown to move individual citizens along a continuum of cooperation where mere compliance turns to satisfaction, support, cooperation, and, ultimately, proactive engagement.
The trend in policing is toward openness, transparency, and inclusiveness. In addition to policies and practices, these principles should apply to police buildings.
[P]erhaps the mismatch between Blacks and academia may be explained by the cultural incongruence of Black values with the expectations of academia. The discomfort arising from a sense of disjuncture is likely to impact scholarly performance, manufacturing “mismatch” that would not otherwise exist.
While one of the strengths of OJJDP's CBVP model was its emphasis on adaptation to local context and needs, the variation across program sites posed serious challenges for the evaluation and made it impossible to assess and compare outcomes in each city.
This paper reviews the basic characteristics and capabilities of unmanned aerial systems--also called "unmanned aerial vehicles" (UAVs), "remotely piloted aircrafts (RPAs), or simply "drones"--and the potential that they bring in improving first responder operations.