This chapter describes tools for researchers to address the tasks of problem definition, measurement, causal processes, and generalization. We begin with an extended example of developing practice-based evidence in community-based youth justice organizations in New York City.
Are today’s violent crime rates different from the rates of 30 years ago? Do trends in serious and violent crime by juveniles (under age 18) differ from trends among older youth (i.e., young adults ages 18-24), and how much of the overall crime decline that began in the 1990s can be attributed to juvenies and older youth?
Henninger, Alana and Hung-En Sung (2014). History of substance abuse treatment. In Gerben Bruinsma and David Weisburd (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice, pp. 2257-2269. New York: Springer. Forensic science may reasonably be viewed as having played an important role in the professionalization of policing that began in the late nineteenth century. While there [...]
Butts, Jeffrey [committee member] with Simon Singer (2013). Current Practice in the Juvenile Justice System (Chapter 3, pp. 49-88). In Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach. Richard J. Bonnie, Robert L. Johnson, Betty M. Chemers, and Julie A. Schuck (Editors). Washington, DC: National Research Council of the National Academies. Report in Brief Juvenile justice is a [...]
Butts, Jeffrey, Douglas Evans, and Jocelyn Fontaine (2013). Reducing the Risks and Consequences of Crime Victimization in Schools. In Victims of Crime. Robert C. Davis, Arthur J. Lurigio, and Susan Herman (Editors), Fourth Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. Recent surveys of school administrators and students indicate that school crime is falling in the [...]
Alana Henninger and Hung-En Sung (2012). Mail Survey in Social Research, in Lior Gideon (Editor), Handbook of Survey Methodology for the Social Sciences, pp. 297-311. New York: Springer. This chapter begins with a concise overview of the long history of the use of mail survey in the Western civilization. Then it examines the three main [...]