Recent Increases in Drug Arrests Were for Possession, Not Sales

Butts, Jeffrey A. (2012). Recent Increases in Drug Arrests Were for Possession, Not Sales. Research and Evaluation Data Bits [2012-02]. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. The number of drug-related arrests reported by U.S. law enforcement agencies increased sharply between 1980 and 2010, with the largest growth occurring between 1991 and 2006. During that time, drug arrests jumped 87 percent nationwide, from just over 1.1 million to nearly 1.9 million arrests annually. The increase was restricted, however, to drug possession offenses rather than sales and manufacturing. Between 1991…

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As Serious Juvenile Crime Declined, Police Made More Arrests for Less Serious Offenses

Butts, Jeffrey A. (2012). As Serious Juvenile Crime Declined, Police Made More Arrests for Less Serious Offenses. Research and Evaluation Data Bits [2012-01]. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Between 1995 and 2010, juvenile arrests overall dropped nearly 40 percent. The level of violent crime arrests in 2010 was half the level of 1995. Murder arrests declined more than 60 percent, while robbery arrests and serious (aggravated) assaults were down almost 50 percent. Taken together, arrests for the eight serious offenses included in the FBI Crime Index decreased…

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Resolution, Reinvestment, and Realignment…

Butts, Jeffrey A. and Douglas N. Evans (2011). Resolution, Reinvestment, and Realignment: Three Strategies for Changing Juvenile Justice. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. In recent decades, legislators and administrators have created innovative policies to reduce the demand for expensive state confinement and to supervise as many young offenders as possible in their own communities. This report reviews the history and development of these strategies and portrays their methods as following one of three models: resolution, reinvestment, and realignment. New York Times Editorial — Albany Times Union Editorial Irish…

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National Center for the Advancement of Prevention…

Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation Center (2005). National Center for the Advancement of Prevention (CAP): Final Report. New York, NY: Author. [Not available as download. Contact the Center for paper copy.] The Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation Center at John Jay College of Criminal Justice assisted the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention in developing, synthesizing, updating, adapting and disseminating state-of-the-art prevention knowledge about what works, for whom, and under what conditions. The purpose of NCAP was the centralize the synthesis of scientific and practice-based prevention knowledge and creation of useful activities and products to support decision-making (about what works) by…

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Manhattan Family Treatment Court…

Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation Center (2003). Manhattan Family Treatment Court Final Evaluation Report. New York, NY: Author. [Not available as download. Contact the Center for paper copy.] The Manhattan Family Treatment Court (MFTC) was an innovative case processing approach to the adjudication of substance abusing parents of minor children named in petitions of neglect filed by New York City’s Administration for Children’s Services (ACS). Created in 1998 by the New York State Unified Court System, the new approach provided comprehensive drug treatment services to project-eligible parents. Once fully operational, the MFTC required these parents’ progress to be monitored and…

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The Asphalt Green Girls Fitness Leadership Program…

Nancy Jacobs with Leah Namour (1999).  The Asphalt Green Girls Fitness Leadership Program Final Evaluation Report. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. [Not available as download. Contact the Center for paper copy.] Asphalt Green created the Fitness Leadership Program (FLP) in 1997 when presented with the opportunity to partner with the Young Women’s Leadership School of East Harlem. The program was designed to fulfill the New York City Board of Education requirements for physical education and health for girls in grades 7 through 10.  The curriculum was developed through collaboration between Colombia University…

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The Supervised Detention Program…

Nancy F. Jacobs, Ira Sommers, and Stella Meierfeld (1989). The Supervised Detention Program: A Pilot Program Evaluation for the New York City Department of Correction. New York, NY: Criminal Justice Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. [Not available as download. Contact the Center for paper copy.] In October 1988, the New York City Department of Correction contracted with John Jay College of Criminal Justice to evaluate the pilot state of its Supervised Detention Program. The purpose of the evaluation was to examine the extent to which the program was achieving its primary goal of ensuring public safety by exercising…

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The Greater Jamaica Community Coalition…

Nancy Jacobs, with Wendy Rowe and Anthony Browne (1998).  The Greater Jamaica Community Coalition Final Evaluation Report. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. [ Not available as download. Contact the Center for paper copy. ] This evaluation report, using data collected between 1994 and 1998, examines the ability of the South East Queens Community Partnership (SEQCP), an initially successful, multi-sector Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug (ATOD) prevention effort funded by the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP), to transfer its knowledge relevant to partnership building to a neighboring community (Greater Jamaica). The new…

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Bridgeport Youth Firearms Violence Initiative…

Nancy Jacobs with Heath Grant (1997).  Bridgeport Youth Firearms Violence Initiative Final Evaluation Report. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. [ Not available as download. Contact the Center for paper copy. ] The Bridgeport Youth Firearms Initiative (YFVI), funded by the office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), was operated by the Bridgeport Police Department from 1995 to 1997. The YFVI had a dual but complementary focus on the suppression and prevention of youth gun violence. The Bridgeport Police Department was committed to institutionalizing proactive, problem-solving approaches to community policing, and to engaging key…

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Bang the Gavel Slowly…

Nancy F. Jacobs and Ellen Chayet, with Charles Meara (1986). Bang the Gavel Slowly: Felony Case Processing in New York City’s Supreme Court. New York, NY: Criminal Justice Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. [ Not available as download. Contact the Center for paper copy. ] At the request of the Florence V. Burden Foundation, the Criminal Justice (later renamed Research and Evaluation) Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice undertook an exploratory study to examine the dynamics of case processing time in New York City’s Supreme Courts, Criminal Branch. An aggregate analysis of 8,219 violent felonies arraigned in…

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The Bushwick Geographic Targeting Task Force Coalition…

Nancy Jacobs with Wendy Rowe, Heath Grant and Veronica Rivera (1999). The Bushwick Geographic Targeting Task Force Coalition Final Evaluation Report. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. The Bushwick Geographic Targeting Task Force, Inc (BGTTF) began its work in 1990 as a CSAP-funded substance abuse committee of a community partnership funded by the New York Community Trust.  The BGTTF was anxious to transfer and institutionalize service components within additional communities. The goals were to develop a Latino leadership Institute to train youth in prevention and education relevant to ATOD, HIV/AIDS and violence, to…

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Fountain for Youth Evaluation Summary

Nancy Jacobs and Terri Jackson, with Brenda Vargas and Leah Namour (1998).  Fountain for Youth Evaluation Summary. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. The Fountain for Youth in New York City was established in October 1995 with a grant from the National Funding Collaborative on Violence Prevention.  The Fountain joined eleven other sites nationwide to address the crisis of violence and its consequences among young people in America. The initiative’s vision was the creation of healthy communities where youth are offered positive alternatives to violence. The initial goal was to develop a diverse…

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