Institute for Innovation in Prosecution (IIP) Practitioner Learning Follow-up Assessment

Seventeen prosecutors participated in a Practitioner Learning conference at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in November 2017. Of these, 16 participated in a follow-up interview. The 16 responding prosecutors came from 14 states: Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Hawaii, Illinois, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.

Racial Disparities Persist in Juvenile Court Placements

According to data compiled by the National Center for Juvenile Justice and disseminated by the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), the court processing of juvenile delinquency cases has reflected persistent racial disparities since the 1980s.

Out-of-Home Placements Falling Among Younger Juveniles

by Jeffrey A. Butts September 5, 2014 The number of young people referred to court for delinquency offenses plummeted after the 1990s. According to juvenile court data maintained by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) and disseminated by the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ), the number of delinquency cases nationwide fell [...]

Statement of Jeffrey A. Butts to the New York Commission on Youth, Public Safety and Justice

Reducing youth crime is a complicated business, and I think we all know that it takes more than punishment. If it were possible to stop crime by simply increasing punishment, we would certainly know it by now.

Delays in Youth Justice

U.S. Department of Justice (2014). Delays in Youth Justice. Justice Research Bulletin. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice. This 2014 bulletin from the U.S. Department of Justice describes research conducted by Jeffrey Butts and his colleagues when he was on the staff of Chapin Hall [...]

Line Drawing

The differential response to childhood criminality is an established legal principle. Setting the operational legal boundaries between children, youth, and adults is complicated and contentious. It has been so for centuries. It is easy to agree that a specialized juvenile court is the proper forum for handling cases involving law violations by young people, but where exactly should states draw the line between juvenile and adult status?

Orlando Sentinel

Jeffrey Butts, Guest Columnist April 20, 2012 -  The state of Florida transfers far more juvenile offenders to the criminal (adult) court system than any other state in the nation. In this sense at least, Florida can rightly claim to be No. 1. Florida's population is roughly half that of California's, but it transfers youths to [...]

Less Serious Offenses Account for 90 Percent of the Growth in Juvenile Placements

Butts, Jeffrey A. (2012). Less Serious Offenses Account for 90 Percent of the Growth in Juvenile Placements. Research and Evaluation Data Bits [2012-08]. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Juvenile court cases involving charges of obstruction of justice, simple assault, drug law violations, vandalism, and [...]

WHYY Philadelphia

Youth Courts and the Value of a Jury of Their Peers October 27, 2011 -- Research shows that young people who participate in youth court or teen court programs may have lower rates of recidivism. Adults involved in the programs attribute much of their success to the influence of positive peer pressure and the value of [...]

New York Times – Opinionator

Where Teens Find the Jury Isn't Rigged By Tina Rosenberg - October 18, 2011.    ...There is evidence, however, that youth courts do more than simply divert teens from juvenile justice: they actively create pro-social behavior. The Urban Institute study found a clue: the courts that give the most autonomy to the teens themselves work best. [...]

Varieties of Juvenile Court…

Butts, Jeffrey A., John K. Roman, and Jennifer Lynn-Whaley (2011). Varieties of Juvenile Court: Nonspecialized Courts, Teen Courts, Drug Courts, and Mental Health Courts, in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice, Barry C. Feld and Donna M. Bishop (Editors). New York: Oxford University Press. This chapter addresses the growing use of specialized, [...]

Teen Courts — Do They Work and Why?

Jeffrey A. Butts and Jennifer Ortiz (2011). Teen courts -- Do they work and why? New York State Bar Association Journal, 83(1): 18-21. Despite their popularity, there are many unanswered questions about the effectiveness of teen courts. The overall impression one gets from the evaluation literature is positive, but researchers have yet to identify exactly why [...]