Jeffrey A. Butts is the director of the Research & Evaluation Center at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. His work focuses on discovering and improving the effectiveness of policies and programs related to the justice system. Previously, he was a research fellow with Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago, director of the Program on Youth Justice at the Urban Institute in Washington, DC, and senior research associate at the National Center for Juvenile Justice in Pittsburgh. Since 1990, Dr. Butts has managed more than $36 million of research and consultation projects. He has worked with policymakers and justice practitioners in 28 states and several other countries, published two books and dozens of monographs and reports for government agencies and foundations, as well as articles in academic and peer-reviewed journals. He began his justice career as a drug and alcohol counselor with the juvenile court in Eugene, Oregon. Originally from Springfield, Ohio, Jeff is a graduate of the University of Oregon and he earned the Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. For more information.