Maxfield International Travel Award

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Dr. Michael Maxfield
The Michael Maxfield International Travel Award supports the travel costs of Ph.D. students enrolled in the Criminal Justice Doctoral Program at John Jay College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. The program was originally funded by the generous support of Dr. Maxfield and funds from Sage Publications.

Eligibility for the Maxfield International Travel Award is limited to students enrolled in good standing in the Criminal Justice Doctoral Program with a paper or presentation proposal that has been accepted at a credible academic or professional conference held in a location outside of the United States. Conference topics could include policing and law enforcement, criminology, criminal justice, and other related social sciences.

Funds from the Maxfield International Travel Award may be used to offset a student’s costs to attend the conference, including airfare, accommodations, and conference registration.

How to Apply: The John Jay College Research and Evaluation Center accepts applications for the Maxfield International Travel Award at any time during a calendar year and will offer support to as many students as funding allows. Individual awards may vary between $1,000 and $1,500 (US). To apply, email Rebecca Balletto at the address below. Send a CV and brief cover letter (PDF only) describing the proposed conference, the conference schedule, the cost of attending the conference, and the paper or poster session to be presented. Application materials should include the applicant’s full contact information. Awardees are notified via email.

Send all application materials and correspondence to:

Ms. Rebecca Balletto
Fellowship Coordinator
John Jay College Research and Evaluation Center
rballetto@jjay.cuny.edu

Michael G. Maxfield is Professor of Criminal Justice at John Jay College.  He is the author of numerous articles and books on a variety of topics — victimization, policing, homicide, community corrections, auto theft, and long-term consequences of child abuse and neglect.  He is the coauthor (with Earl Babbie) of the textbook, Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology, now in its eigth edition. He served as the editor of the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency from 2008 through 2016.  Professor Maxfield received his Ph.D. in political science from Northwestern University.

Previous Recipients

Yuchen Hou

At the time of his award, Yuchen Hou was a Ph.D. candidate in Criminal Justice at John Jay College of Criminal Justice/ Graduate Center, City University of New York. His research interests included police use of force, police body-worn cameras, and multi- and mixed-methods research design. His doctoral dissertation aimed to identify multilevel factors that contribute differentially to police shootings in the United States by using open sources to build a national database on police shootings. Hou earned a Master’s Degree in Procedural Law at People’s Public Security University of China in 2015 after graduating from Criminal Investigation Police University of China in 2012.

Conference: 2018 Stockholm Criminology Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden. June 12-14, 2018.
Research Presentation: Multiple Research Methods for Evidence Generation: Using Practice-Based Evidence to Understand Police Body-Worn Cameras
Abstract: In light of inconsistent evidence from randomized experiments designed to evaluate the effectiveness of police body-worn cameras (BWC), this study aims to explain how practice-based evidence generation can be an alternative evaluation approach that is less concerned with establishing causal conclusions and producing generalizable findings, than solving local problems in context. Discussion centers on four dimensions necessary for framing the generation of evidence about the effect of BWC on use of force: problem identification, measurement, causal process, and generalization. This study extends our prior research on multiple research methods for evidence generation by applying a realist perspective to systematically review the accumulated evidence generated in previous evaluation studies on the effectiveness of BWC.

Leevia Dillon

Leevia Dillon is a doctoral student in the Criminal Justice Department at John Jay College/The Graduate Center, CUNY. Leevia’s research focuses on violent extremism, online radicalization, risk/threat assessment, and deviance.

Conference: 2019 Asian Conference of Criminal and Operations Psychology, Singapore. July 2019.
Research Presentation: To Snitch or Not to Snitch: Understanding the Bystander Intervention in Violent Extremism
Abstract: Countering violent extremism efforts involve both government and public proactive cooperation to effectively police violent extremism. However, there is a lack of understanding of the degree of cooperation from members of the public to want to cooperate with the government, concerning a sensitive issue like violent extremism (i.e. reporting to the authorities). This is evident within the field of criminal justice concerning the dark figure of unreported crime. Following this line of inquiry, reasons behind not reporting crimes applied to reporting violent extremist-related activities. Hence, this exploratory empirical research seeks to examine the potential applicability of Darley & Latané (1968) bystander intervention theory within the context of violent extremism reporting. Path analyses models is presented. Implications of practice and policy is discussed.

Kwan-Lamar Blount-Hill

Kwan-Lamar Blount-Hill is a doctoral student in the Criminal Justice Department at John Jay College/The Graduate Center, CUNY and a research manager at the New York City Mayor’s Office of Criminal Justice. Previously, he was a Graduate Research Fellow and then Senior Research Associate at the Research and Evaluation Center. He is a former police officer an attorney licensed in New York and New Jersey.

Conference: 2019 International Congress for Conservation Biology (ICCB), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. July 2019.
Research Presentation: Human-Wildlife Competition: Seeing Species Conservation through a Social Conflict Lens
Abstract: Traditional conservation science approaches wildlife conservation from a resource-management perspective, in which both wildlife and non-living natural resources are managed to balance the interests of competing human stakeholders. We argue that wildlife conservation efforts would benefit from expanding its view of conflict to the competing interests of humans and wildlife itself — in essence, to move from seeing wildlife merely as a resource and instead accepting “wildlife” as a collection of agentic beings, each with seeking to satisfy its own interests and that of its respective “social” group. Seen this way, we apply an ecological version of social conflict theory to assert that (1) anthropogenic threats to wildlife conflict are explained by species-versus-species competition for resources; (2) societies better structured to manage the competing interests of its human members are also better at managing conflicting interests between humans and wildlife species; and (3) political power structures that marginalize human populations and deny voice and inclusion also perform poorly with regard to wildlife species. In making this argument, we propose that, because similar underlying processes subjugate powerless humans and wildlife species, strategies to empower disempowered voices may reduce the saliency of competition and lead to greater security for the voiceless, human and nonhuman alike.

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