Working elevators, summer jobs for teenagers, community centers open till midnight, residents who know what to do when the trash piles up — no one would doubt that these are good things. But it seems a stretch to call them crime prevention measures. Will people really commit fewer robberies and shootings if the trash gets picked up?
This study uses the audit method to examine the effects of race, gender, and criminal history on housing outcomes. Testers, exhibiting characteristics suggestive of race and gender and disclosing one of three offenses, placed phone calls to rental property owners across the Midwest to inquire about renting a property. We found powerful negative effects for those with a criminal record seeking apartments, regardless of whether the offense was sexual or drug-related.
by Jasmine Stole / firstname.lastname@example.org Guam Police Department’s chief of police said violent crime declined from 2015 to 2016. Experts with a New York-based criminal justice university say that's right — but they also predict more violent crime for 2017. “For violent crimes, there seems to be an upward trend across time and a downward [...]
The current study compiles open-source news reports involving vigilantes who targeted individuals because of their status as a sex offender (SO) or their suspected involvement in a sex offense. The Sex Offender-Vigilante database includes 279 separate incidents of vigilantism against SOs, ranging from the dissemination of unsanctioned fliers to murder. Results indicate that the stigmatization that convicted SOs experience is so pervasive that it extends even to individuals suspected of having committed a sexual offense.
The John Jay College of Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation Center found that between 2014 and 2016, there was a 50 percent decrease in gun injuries in East New York, Brooklyn and a 37 percent reduction in the South Bronx, two communities where Cure Violence has been implemented. by Samar Khurshid January 08, 2018 Mayor [...]
by ADAM SHRIER NEW YORK DAILY NEWS January 2, 2018 For Rohan Levy, the line between life and death came down to a teenage gunman who mistook the 15-year-old boy’s friend for a rival gang member. The charismatic Brooklyn teen, with his bright smile and exuberant laugh, was joking with two friends just a half [...]
Crime Upticks September 27, 2017 JohnJayREC director, Jeffrey Butts, interviewed on WRVA NewsRadio by host Jeff Katz, discussing new crime numbers released this week by the FBI and what they say about the increases in violent crime in a number of U.S. cities. .
Data infrastructures for tracking youth violence in the United States do not provide a clear view of neighborhood-level change, but the most effective strategies for dealing with youth violence inevitably focus on small areas like neighborhoods. This makes it essential to measure the effects of violence prevention efforts at the neighborhood level as well.
The U.S. juvenile arrest rate for homicide rate grew 4 percent between 2014 and 2015 but remained 70 percent lower than the 1990s peak.
Shootings per 1,000 population by Sheyla Delgado, Kevin Wolff, and Jeffrey Butts Research & Evaluation Center July 28, 2015 With funding from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and the New York City Council, the Research & Evaluation Center at John Jay College is conducting a program of studies known as NYC Cure. One study [...]
Depending on the jurisdiction, offenders are charged fees at nearly every phase of the criminal justice process. In addition to fines, interest, and penalties for late payments, offenders may be required to pay “user fees,” which differ from court-imposed fines. The sole purpose of user fees is to raise revenue for criminal justice systems, while court-imposed fines are intended to punish offenders or to provide financial compensation to victims.
The Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE.org) hosted a Google Hangout (online live chat) between the director of the Research & Evaluation Center, Jeffrey Butts, and Cynthia Lum from the Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy at George Mason University. The conversation covered a number of topics, including the nature of evidence-based practices, how programs or practices become [...]
Evans, Douglas N. (2014). Punishment Without End. New York, NY: Research & Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Criminal justice punishments are an investment that societies make to protect the safety and order of communities. Following decades of rising prison populations, however, U.S. policymakers are beginning to wonder [...]
Butts, Jeffrey A. (2013). Crime Drop II – Young People are Leading the Newest Violent Crime Decline. Research and Evaluation Data Bits [2013-02]. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. During the 1980s and early 1990s, increasing numbers of arrests among juveniles and older youth were [...]
Are We Too Quick to Claim Credit for Falling Juvenile Incarceration Rates? by Jeffrey A. Butts, March 7, 2013 Juvenile Justice Information Exchange The youth justice field is in a celebratory mood. Last month, the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Justice Policy Institute released major reports on the declining rate of juvenile incarceration in [...]
Tomberg, Kathleen A. (2013). Youth Development Through Service: A Quality Assessment of the YouthBuild AmeriCorps Program. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. The YouthBuild AmeriCorps program serves youth facing a multitude of challenges, including a lack of education and job skills, community disengagement, and economic disadvantage. [...]
Chauhan, Preeti and Lauren Kois (2012). Homicide by Neighborhood: Mapping New York City’s Violent Crime Drop. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Researchers, scholars, and policymakers interested in the falling rate of violent crime in New York City (NYC) have attempted to pinpoint [...]
Keynote presentation for the Positive Youth Justice Initiative at the Sierra Health Foundation, Sacramento, California. In 2012, the Sierra Health Foundation launched a new Positive Youth Justice Initiative to improve the outcomes of young people involved in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems, often referred to as crossover youth. Through the Positive Youth Justice Initiative, the Foundation is [...]
Tomberg, Kathy (2012). Assessment of the YouthBuild Mentoring Initiative. Presentation to the YouthBuild USA National Mentoring Alliance Training. Orlando, Florida. The Research and Evaluation Center was asked to assist YouthBuild USA in assessing its OJJDP-funded mentoring initiative. The REC helped YouthBuild design and implement self-administered questionnaires that are being completed by YouthBuild students. The project will [...]
Butts, Jeffrey A. (2012). Violent Crime Rates Continue to Fall Among Juveniles and Young Adults. Research and Evaluation Data Bits [2012-06]. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Since the mid-1990s, violent crime rates fell among young juveniles (under age 15) and older adults (over age [...]
Butts, Jeffrey A. (2012). School Crime Has Declined Sharply since the 1990s. Research and Evaluation Data Bits [2012-04]. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. After any horrific act of school violence, many parents, students, and community officials fear that schools are becoming increasingly dangerous. Yet, [...]
Evans, Douglas N. (2012). Could Focused Deterrence Strategies Reduce Drug-Related Violence in Mexico? Research and Evaluation Data Bits [2012-03]. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Drug-related killings in Mexico have reached frightening proportions. Professor Mark Kleiman recently visited the Research and Evaluation [...]
Butts, Jeffrey A. (2012). Recent Increases in Drug Arrests Were for Possession, Not Sales. Research and Evaluation Data Bits [2012-02]. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. The number of drug-related arrests reported by U.S. law enforcement agencies increased sharply between 1980 and 2010, [...]
Butts, Jeffrey A. (2012). As Serious Juvenile Crime Declined, Police Made More Arrests for Less Serious Offenses. Research and Evaluation Data Bits [2012-01]. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Between 1995 and 2010, juvenile arrests overall dropped nearly 40 percent. The level of [...]
Jeffrey A. Butts and Daniel P. Mears (2011). Trends in American Youth Crime. In Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice, David W. Springer and Albert R. Roberts (Editors). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc. This chapter answers two deceptively simple questions, “How much juvenile crime is there today?” and “How does the level of juvenile crime today [...]