Causal relationships are difficult to identify in complex and multi-part initiatives, but New York City’s falling rate of gun violence suggests that recent community initiatives may have helped to sustain previous gains.
Cure Violence helped reduce shootings in the South Bronx by sixty-three per cent, according to a study by John Jay College of Criminal Justice.
Cure Violence may be one of the few models that has been shown to successfully make highly violent communities a lot less violent without using the tools of arrest, force, and incarceration.
Those supportive of reform may be quick to reverse themselves out of fear of being cast as soft on crime, so new initiatives need to be protected with solid evidence. If a city wanted to radically reduce expenditures on policing, Butts said, “I would totally back it, but I would be terrified we would squander all the good energy by not being fully prepared.”
East New York, Brooklyn has the highest number of shooting deaths in New York City this year with 6, and 10 other types of homicides. But there’s a 40-block radius on the border with Brownsville where there hasn’t been a shooting since February, and there hasn’t been a fatal shooting since November 2014.
Chauhan, Preeti and Lauren Kois (2012). Homicide by Neighborhood: Mapping New York City’s Violent Crime Drop. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Researchers, scholars, and policymakers interested in the falling rate of violent crime in New York City (NYC) have attempted to pinpoint [...]
Butts, Jeffrey A. (2012). Increasing Drug Arrests after 1980 had Disproportionate Effect on Women. Research and Evaluation Data Bits [2012-09]. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. The number of drug-related arrests reported by U.S. law enforcement agencies increased sharply between 1980 and 1995, and for [...]
Jeffrey A. Butts (2011). Process Evaluation of the Chicago Juvenile Intervention and Support Center. New York, NY: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Researchers investigated the operations of a pre-court diversion program that provides services and supports to “station adjusted” (i.e., informally handled) youthful offenders after they have come into contact with the [...]