Halfway Back: An Alternative to Revocation …

Michael D. White, Jeff Mellow, Kristin Englander, Marc Ruffinengo (2011). “Halfway Back: An Alternative to Revocation for Technical Parole Violators.” Criminal Justice Policy Review, 22(2): 140-166. Over the past three decades, concomitant increases in prison population and the use of parole, coupled with a more punitive parole philosophy and fiscal crises at every level of government, have prompted a renewed interest in intermediate sanctions— especially for technical parole violators. A number of jurisdictions have developed intermediate sanctions that are both custodial and therapeutic—but do not involve a return to prison—for technical violators. Despite their growing popularity, little research has examined…

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Teen Courts — Do They Work and Why?

Jeffrey A. Butts and Jennifer Ortiz (2011). Teen courts — Do they work and why? New York State Bar Association Journal, 83(1): 18-21. Despite their popularity, there are many unanswered questions about the effectiveness of teen courts. The overall impression one gets from the evaluation literature is positive, but researchers have yet to identify exactly why teen courts work. Most important, studies have not yet investigated whether some teen court models are better than others. There is sufficient research evidence to believe that teen courts have meaningful benefits for youth participants, their families and communities, yet many questions remain. One particularly vital…

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The Transformation of Drug Markets…

R. Terry Furst, Ric Curtis, and Rebecca Balletto (2011). The Transformation of Drug Markets and its Impact on HIV Outreach to Injection Drug Users in New York City, 1987-2008. Substance Use & Misuse, 46(2-3): 150-158. This oral history describes three periods of street outreach to injection drug users at risk for HIV in New York City: outreach in an era of public drug markets (1987-1993), outreach in an era of private markets (1993-2006), and network-driven outreach (2006-present). Individual interviews with administrators and supervisors of outreach workers are combined with field notes from the ethnographic research experiences of the first two authors…

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Patient Safety: Moving the Bar in Prison Health Care Standards

Marc F. Stern, Robert B. Greifinger, and Jeff Mellow (2010). “Patient Safety: Moving the Bar in Prison Health Care Standards.” American Journal of Public Health, 100(11): 2103-2110. Improvements in community health care quality through error reduction have been slow to transfer to correctional settings. We convened a panel of correctional experts, which recommended 60 patient safety standards focusing on such issues as creating safety cultures at organizational, supervisory, and staff levels through changes to policy and training and by ensuring staff competency, reducing medication errors, encouraging the seamless transfer of information between and within practice settings, and developing mechanisms to…

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Expanding the Role of Patrol in Criminal Investigations…

Dennis Kenney, Michael D. White, and Marc Ruffinengo (2010). “Expanding the Role of Patrol in Criminal Investigations: Houston’s Investigative First Responder Project.” Police Quarterly, 13(2): 136-160. Research in the late 1970s discovered two on-going problems with criminal investigations. The first problem involved the inefficiency in the work done by detectives, and the second centered on the misunderstood role of patrol officers in those investigations. In recognition of these ongoing problems, the Houston police department (HPD) sought to improve its investigative capacity and effectiveness through the Investigative First Responder (IFR) project, a pilot program initiated in early 2007 that specially trained…

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Assessing our Knowledge of Identity Theft…

Michael D. White and Christopher Fisher (2008). “Assessing our Knowledge of Identity Theft: The Challenges to Effective Prevention and Control Efforts. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 19(1): 3-24. Identity theft, defined as the unlawful use of another’s identifying information for gain, has quickly become the most prevalent financial crime in the United States. Despite its substantial growth, basic questions about identity theft—such as its prevalence, nature, and consequences; characteristics of offenders and victims; and extent of victims’ losses—remain unanswered. This article highlights the primary challenges that hinder our knowledge about identity theft and simultaneously limit the effectiveness of prevention and intervention…

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Technology-driven Literacy Programs…

Michael D. White, Michele Galietta, and Gypsy Escobar (2006). “Technology-driven Literacy Programs as a Tool for Re-connecting Incarcerated Mothers and their Children: Assessing their Need and Viability in a Federal Prison.” Justice Policy Journal, 3(1): 1-20. Given the consequences of infrequent visitation for incarcerated mothers and their children, corrections officials have sought to identify innovative methods for improving mother-child contact. One example involves literacy programs relying on secure video and email communications. However, little is known about the incarcerated mothers and children these programs would serve, particularly the emotional and psychological issues that would need to be addressed to facilitate…

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Measuring Organizational Capacity…

Michael D.White, Christopher Fisher, Karyn Hadfield, Jessica Saunders, and Lisa Williams (2005). “Measuring Organizational Capacity Among Agencies Serving the Poor: Implications for Achieving Organizational Effectiveness.” Justice Policy Journal, 2(2): 1-39. Organizational capacity has emerged as a critical issue as social service agencies seek to do “more with less.” Prior research, however, has failed both to operationalize capacity and to produce empirical support for its perceived positive relationship with organizational effectiveness. This paper describes an effort to create an organizational capacity-measuring mechanism for agencies serving the poor, homeless and hungry, and using simple bivariate analysis, explores the relationship between capacity and organizational…

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