Depending on the jurisdiction, offenders are charged fees at nearly every phase of the criminal justice process. In addition to fines, interest, and penalties for late payments, offenders may be required to pay “user fees,” which differ from court-imposed fines. The sole purpose of user fees is to raise revenue for criminal justice systems, while court-imposed fines are intended to punish offenders or to provide financial compensation to victims.
Reducing youth crime is a complicated business, and I think we all know that it takes more than punishment. If it were possible to stop crime by simply increasing punishment, we would certainly know it by now.
Evans, Douglas N. (2014). Punishment Without End. New York, NY: Research & Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Criminal justice punishments are an investment that societies make to protect the safety and order of communities. Following decades of rising prison populations, however, U.S. policymakers are beginning to wonder [...]
Evans, Douglas N. (2014). Compensating Victims of Crime. New York, NY: Research & Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Victims of violent crime are often unable to access financial compensation to offset the costs of victimization (e.g., medical, lost wages, funeral expenses) despite the massive amounts of money [...]
A CLOSER LOOK: Examining "Close to Home" and New York's Transformation of Youth Justice Pinkerton Symposium on Youth Justice Sponsored by the Pinkerton Foundation and the Pinkerton Fellowship Initiative at John Jay College in Collaboration with the Robert Sterling Clark Foundation of New York City John Jay College of Criminal Justice 524 West 59th Street New [...]
RAISE THE AGE, TURN THE PAGE: Reconsidering Juvenile and Criminal Court Jurisdiction in New York A Youth Justice Symposium Generously Sponsored by the Pinkerton Foundation John Jay College of Criminal Justice 524 West 59th Street, New York, NY 2nd Floor Dining Hall 8:30 a.m. -- 1:30 p.m. Featured Speakers Marian Wright Edelman John Roman Vincent Schiraldi [...]
Kazemian, Lila (2012). Pushing back the frontiers of knowledge on desistance from crime: Current and future directions. In Rolf Loeber and Brandon C. Welsh (Eds.), The Future of Criminology (pp. 134-140). New York: Oxford University Press. This chapter summarizes current knowledge about desistance, the study of which has moved from event to process analyses based [...]