Situational Crime Prevention and Worldwide Piracy

Relying on situational crime prevention perspective, this study compares successful and unsuccessful pirate attacks reported to the International Maritime Bureau (IMB) from the year 2000 through 2013 (n = 4,902). The study builds upon the recent work of Shane and Magnuson in Justice Quarterly, pp 1–26 ([2014]), which found various SCP techniques effectively prevented piracy attacks on a global level. Continue reading Situational Crime Prevention and Worldwide Piracy

Surveillance without Protection

Policing anonymous and fearful undocumented migrant workers (UMWs) with equity, integrity and accountability is one of the toughest law enforcement challenges in the United States. The importance of the issue notwithstanding, police–UMW interactions remain a ‘black box’ in police research. We examined the political economy of Palisades Park, New Jersey, and interviewed 160 UMWs from the same town. Continue reading Surveillance without Protection

Cure Violence: A Public Health Model to Reduce Gun Violence

Scholars and practitioners alike in recent years have suggested that real and lasting progress in the fight against gun violence requires changing the social norms and attitudes that perpetuate violence and the use of guns. The Cure Violence model is a public health approach to gun violence reduction that seeks to change individual and community attitudes and norms about gun violence. Continue reading Cure Violence: A Public Health Model to Reduce Gun Violence

An Exploration of Stigma in the Lives of Sex Offenders and Heroin Abusers

Furst, R. Terry and Douglas N. Evans (2014). An Exploration of Stigma in the Lives of Sex Offenders and Heroin Abusers. Deviant Behavior. Published online October 2014 (00:1–16). Research was conducted on variations and commonalities of sexual offenders and heroin abusers and how they manage stigma in their everyday lives. Interviews with 13 sex offenders (SOs) and 44 heroin abusers (HAs) were conducted in New … Continue reading An Exploration of Stigma in the Lives of Sex Offenders and Heroin Abusers

Criminal History and Landlord Rental Decisions: A New York Quasi-experimental Study

Evans, Douglas N. and Jeremy R. Porter (2014). Criminal History and Landlord Rental Decisions: A New York Quasi-experimental Study. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 11(1): 21-42. To determine the effect of a criminal conviction on landlord decisions to consider prospective tenants and the extent to which landlord responses vary based on a prospective tenant’s offense type, researchers used a quasi-experimental audit design involving matched pairs of … Continue reading Criminal History and Landlord Rental Decisions: A New York Quasi-experimental Study

What do we Know About NYC’s Stop and Frisk Program? A Spatial and Statistical Analysis.

Evans, Douglas N., Cynthia-Lee Maragh and Jeremy R. Porter (2014). What do we Know About NYC’s Stop and Frisk Program? A Spatial and Statistical Analysis. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 1(2): 129-144. Race appears to affect police decision making in stop-and-frisk situations, but the effect may be mediated by social-class variables. The study shows racial clustering in geographic patterns of NYPD stop-and-frisk actions, but … Continue reading What do we Know About NYC’s Stop and Frisk Program? A Spatial and Statistical Analysis.

Perceptions of the Victimization of Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

Evans, Douglas N. (2013). Perceptions of the Victimization of Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities. Advances in Applied Sociology, 3(2): 114-123. Perceptions of the victimization of persons with intellectual disabilities were explored from the perspectives of adults with mild intellectual disabilities as well as service providers and supervisors who work with this population. Interviews were obtained for 10 adults with intellectual disabilities. Additionally, those who work with … Continue reading Perceptions of the Victimization of Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

Heroin Abuse and Collective Identity…

Furst, R. Terry, and Rebecca Balletto (2012). Heroin Abuse and Collective Identity: Correlates and Consequences of Geographical Place. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 10(5), 684-695. Ethnography and qualitative research were utilized to examine how the effects of geographic place can be related to heroin abuse and collective identity in small metropolitan areas (SMAs), in the mid-Hudson region of New York State, US.  The socio-geographic … Continue reading Heroin Abuse and Collective Identity…

Evaluating Systems Change in a Juvenile Justice Reform Initiative

John K. Roman, Jeffrey A. Butts, and Caterina Roman (2011). Evaluating Systems Change in a Juvenile Justice Reform Initiative. Children and Youth Services Review, 33: S41-S53. Evaluating comprehensive, inter-agency initiatives to reform human services systems presents substantial challenges to traditional research models. Outcomes are observed at the system level rather than the individual level, and the validity of study results may be challenged on a variety … Continue reading Evaluating Systems Change in a Juvenile Justice Reform Initiative

Teen Courts — Do They Work and Why?

Jeffrey A. Butts and Jennifer Ortiz (2011). Teen courts — Do they work and why? New York State Bar Association Journal, 83(1): 18-21. Despite their popularity, there are many unanswered questions about the effectiveness of teen courts. The overall impression one gets from the evaluation literature is positive, but researchers have yet to identify exactly why teen courts work. Most important, studies have not yet investigated … Continue reading Teen Courts — Do They Work and Why?

The Transformation of Drug Markets…

R. Terry Furst, Ric Curtis, and Rebecca Balletto (2011). The Transformation of Drug Markets and its Impact on HIV Outreach to Injection Drug Users in New York City, 1987-2008. Substance Use & Misuse, 46(2-3): 150-158. This oral history describes three periods of street outreach to injection drug users at risk for HIV in New York City: outreach in an era of public drug markets (1987-1993), outreach … Continue reading The Transformation of Drug Markets…