Effortful Control, Negative Emotionality, and Juvenile Recidivism

Recently, DeLisi and Vaughn articulated a temperament-based theory of antisocial behavior which they expressed as the first within criminology to use temperament explicitly, and as the exclusive explanatory construct of both antisocial behavior and negative interactions with the criminal justice system.

The Triple Crown of Antisocial Behavior: Effortful Control, Negative Emotionality, and Community Disadvantage

Findings indicate that net of a wide array of known risk factors, youth with poor temperaments, and those living in disadvantaged communities are more likely to reoffend. Additionally, those youth who face a triple threat of temperament issues and disadvantage reoffend faster post-completion.

Characteristics and Risk Factors of Chinese Immigrant Intimate Partner Violence Victims

This study identified the characteristics and risk factors of Chinese immigrant intimate partner violence (IPV) victims and their offenders through a case study of 189 IPV victims who sought help from a Chinese community organization in Queens, New York City called “Garden of Hope.” A descriptive analysis was conducted on socioeconomic status (SES), support network as well as history of substance abuse problems and childhood abuse. A multiple regression analysis was conducted to understand the role of different types of social support networks on the level of abuse. Overall, the risk factors which were identified by other researchers could be found in Chinese immigrant populations. However, higher SES—in particular employment status and educational level—does not help victims escape from IPV, and not all types of social networks played a positive role in preventing further victimization among Chinese immigrant populations.

Situational Crime Prevention and Worldwide Piracy

Relying on situational crime prevention perspective, this study compares successful and unsuccessful pirate attacks reported to the International Maritime Bureau (IMB) from the year 2000 through 2013 (n = 4,902). The study builds upon the recent work of Shane and Magnuson in Justice Quarterly, pp 1–26 ([2014]), which found various SCP techniques effectively prevented piracy attacks on a global level.

Surveillance without Protection

Policing anonymous and fearful undocumented migrant workers (UMWs) with equity, integrity and accountability is one of the toughest law enforcement challenges in the United States. The importance of the issue notwithstanding, police–UMW interactions remain a ‘black box’ in police research. We examined the political economy of Palisades Park, New Jersey, and interviewed 160 UMWs from the same town.

The Mis-synchronization of Juvenile Reform

In the United States, juvenile rehabilitation programs have moved towards ‘risk-needs’ models, which not only assess risks of recidivism, but also address young peoples’ needs. While laudable for their responsiveness, we argue ‘risk-needs’ models are based on a series of beliefs concerning time and/or temporality that are inconsistent with the social locations and life experiences of young offenders.

The Effects of Acculturation on Intimate Partner Violence Among Chinese Immigrants in New York City

Little research has examined the role of acculturation in the determination of intimate partner violence (IPV) among Chinese immigrants in the United States. Data on 166 IPV Chinese immigrant couples obtained from a Chinese American community organization were analyzed for this study.

Investigating Differences in How the News Media Views Homosexuality Across Nations

While there is a wealth of information about the extent to which people across the world disapprove of homosexuality, we know a lot less about the lenses through which they view same-sex relations. The aim of this study is to understand better how homosexuality is framed in the public press, and how religion and economic development may combine to shape this discourse.

Conducting Prison Research in a Foreign Setting

This paper discusses the process of conducting prison research in France. Drawing on a study conducted with a sample of prisoners in a maximum-security facility in Paris, this article outlines the major challenges relating to access, data collection, and dissemination of results in correctional research.

The Relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) and Juvenile Offending

Adverse childhood experiences have been identified as a key risk factor for offending and victimization, respectively. At the same time, the extent to which such experiences distinguish between unique groups of offenders who vary in their longitudinal offending patterns remains an open question, one that is pertinent to both theoretical and policy-related issues. This study examines the relationship between adverse childhood experiences for distinguishing offending patterns through late adolescence in a large sample of adjudicated juvenile offenders.

Imperative for Inclusion of Long Termers and Lifers in Research and Policy

Although numerous studies have highlighted the negative consequences of mass incarceration, life-course and criminal career research has largely failed to document psychological, social, and behavioral changes that occur during periods of incarceration.

Cure Violence: A Public Health Model to Reduce Gun Violence

Scholars and practitioners alike in recent years have suggested that real and lasting progress in the fight against gun violence requires changing the social norms and attitudes that perpetuate violence and the use of guns. The Cure Violence model is a public health approach to gun violence reduction that seeks to change individual and community attitudes and norms about gun violence.

An Exploration of Stigma in the Lives of Sex Offenders and Heroin Abusers

Furst, R. Terry and Douglas N. Evans (2014). An Exploration of Stigma in the Lives of Sex Offenders and Heroin Abusers. Deviant Behavior. Published online October 2014 (00:1–16). Research was conducted on variations and commonalities of sexual offenders and heroin abusers and how they manage stigma in their everyday lives. Interviews with 13 sex offenders [...]

Criminal History and Landlord Rental Decisions: A New York Quasi-experimental Study

Evans, Douglas N. and Jeremy R. Porter (2014). Criminal History and Landlord Rental Decisions: A New York Quasi-experimental Study. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 11(1): 21-42. To determine the effect of a criminal conviction on landlord decisions to consider prospective tenants and the extent to which landlord responses vary based on a prospective tenant’s offense type, [...]

Putting the Freeze on Priming: The Role of Need for Cognitive Closure on the Prime-Norm Dynamic

Jia, Lile, Edward R. Hirt, and Douglas N. Evans (2014). Putting the Freeze on Priming: The Role of Need for Cognitive Closure on the Prime-Norm Dynamic. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 40(7): 931–942. Past research has indicated that individuals with a high need for cognitive closure (NFCC) are more susceptible to priming effects in [...]

Changing Narrative Accounts

Rajah, Valli, Ronald Kramer and Hung-En Sung (2014). Changing narrative accounts: How young men tell different stories when arrested, enduring jail time and navigating community reentry. Punishment & Society, 16(3), 285-304. Using fieldwork, interviews, and survey data collected from male adolescent prisoners who completed a cognitive treatment program, this study addresses two questions: how do [...]

Gender Differences in the Determinants of Prison Rule Violations

Celinska, Katarzyna and Hung-En Sung (2014). Gender differences in the determinants of prison rule violations. The Prison Journal, 94(2, 220-241. This article addresses gender differences in the extent and explanation of inmate misconduct. The study employs nationally representative prisoner survey data to assess gender-specific explanations of prison rule violations. The gender-specific factors include prior victimization, [...]

Implementing Policy for Invisible Populations…

Marcus, Anthony and Ric Curtis (2013). Implementing Policy for Invisible Populations: Social Work and Social Policy in a Federal Anti-Trafficking Taskforce in the United States. Social Policy and Society, published online, July 2013. Press coverage In the United States, the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) has been one of the principal foci in the [...]

What do we Know About NYC’s Stop and Frisk Program? A Spatial and Statistical Analysis.

Evans, Douglas N., Cynthia-Lee Maragh and Jeremy R. Porter (2014). What do we Know About NYC’s Stop and Frisk Program? A Spatial and Statistical Analysis. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 1(2): 129-144. Race appears to affect police decision making in stop-and-frisk situations, but the effect may be mediated by social-class variables. The study shows [...]

Ordinary Business

Yu, Sung-suk Violet and Michael G. Maxfield (2014). Ordinary business: Impacts on commercial and residential burglary. British Journal of Criminology, 54(2), 298–320. Research on land use and burglary has focused on the presence of drinking places and other undesirable businesses. The current study examines how a variety of ordinary businesses are associated with commercial and residential burglary. [...]

Evaluating Contemporary Crime Drop(s) in America, New York City, and Many Other Places

Baumer, Eric P. and Kevin T. Wolff (2014). Evaluating Contemporary Crime Drop(s) in America, New York City, and Many Other Places. Justice Quarterly, 31(2): 5-38. This paper describes and evaluates some fundamental facts about the contemporary crime drop, summarizes the major explanations that have been offered for it, and assesses the validity of these explanations in [...]

Psychopathy and Suicidal Behaviour in a Sample of Mentally Disordered Offenders

Negredo, Laura, F. Melis and O. Herrero (2013). Psychopathy and suicidal behaviour in a sample of mentally disordered offenders. Revista Espanola Sanidad Penitenciaria, 15: 3-7. Empirical literature has yielded a positive association between psychopathy levels and suicide attempts. This association is centered around impulsivity and disinhibitory facets of psychopathy, whereas suicide and emotional poverty remain [...]

Perceptions of the Victimization of Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

Evans, Douglas N. (2013). Perceptions of the Victimization of Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities. Advances in Applied Sociology, 3(2): 114-123. Perceptions of the victimization of persons with intellectual disabilities were explored from the perspectives of adults with mild intellectual disabilities as well as service providers and supervisors who work with this population. Interviews were obtained for [...]

Does Law Matter? An Old Bail Law Confronts the New Penology

Kazemian, Lila, Candace McCoy and Meghan Sacks (2013). Does law matter? An old bail law confronts the New Penology. Punishment & Society, 15(1): 43-70. The New Penology paradigm stipulates that governments increasingly incarcerate ‘unruly classes’ in order to manage rather than punish these groups. Even more than in previous decades, post-industrial society is said to [...]

Heroin Abuse and Collective Identity…

Furst, R. Terry, and Rebecca Balletto (2012). Heroin Abuse and Collective Identity: Correlates and Consequences of Geographical Place. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 10(5), 684-695. Ethnography and qualitative research were utilized to examine how the effects of geographic place can be related to heroin abuse and collective identity in small metropolitan areas (SMAs), in [...]